Category - Anal
Racialethnic differences in prevalence and patterns of oral and anal sex were analyzed among girls participating in a microbicide acceptability study. Cross-sectional analysisrecruitment to participate in a 6-month study examining microbicide acceptability. the prevalence of heterosexual anal and oral sex is important because the behaviors are associated with negative sexual health outcomes. Heterosexual anal sex has been identified as a risk factor for hiv infection and other stis (e. , human papillomavirus infection) 3, 710, abnormal anal cytology , and anal cancer in women. racial disparities and gender differences exist in the incidence of ac. Potential causes for this disparity are disparate access to healthcare, lack of education, and lack of awareness. Greater understanding of the racial disparity in ac can help identify at risk population and eventually lead to improved preventative measures to ultimately reduce the incidence of ac. Anal cancer (ac) is an uncommon form of cancer with a low prevalence of 0. 5 of gastrointestinal cancer cases, and 4 of cancer-related deaths (). Symptoms for ac include rectal bleeding, rectal itching, lump or mass at the anal opening, pain or feeling of fullness in the anal area, changes in bowel. given the observed differences in prevalence of oral hpv16 infection and incidence of hpv-oscc among racial groups in the u. , we also evaluated the prevalence of sexual risk factors by raceethnicity. The number of lifetime sexual and oral sex partners and age of first sex varied considerably between racial and ethnic groups (table 3). Anal cancer is a rare tumor that is associated with oncogenic hpv genotypes. This study aims to compare the age-standardized rates (asrs) of anal cancer incidence and mortality in men and women living in puerto rico (pr) with those of non-hispanic whites (nhw), non-hispanic blacks (nhb), and hispanics (ush) living in the continental united states (us). Age-adjusted anal cancer incidence rates across calendar years by sex, race, histology and behavior using data from seer 13, 19922011 and seer 9, 19771991.